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Home Window Styles
With the various window types on the market: casement, double hung, sliding, hopper, awning fixed and bay or bow, which one would work best for your home? We'll take a look at each one, as well as highlight the pros and cons so you can select the type that will meet your needs.
CasementThe Casement window is attached to the frame and hinged on the side. Most are designed to open outward, but if you desire, it can also be set to open inward (design function is similar to opening and closing a door). Typically you will find this type of window utilized in kitchens, sunrooms, porches and bathrooms. Among the many advantages: Casement windows come in a variety of attractive designs, colors and materials; they allow maximum sunlight and fresh air in, as well as the ability to access side breezes. These windows seal tight when closed making them the second most energy efficient window. Due to their hand crank or push button operation, these windows are ideal for hard-to-reach places such as over kitchen sinks, above shower stalls or laundry rooms. The downside with this particular window is the stability and functionality of the hinges and hardware with age. Hardware may need to be replaced if it becomes rusty or faulty to avoid the potential for break-ins. Also because this type of window opens outward, you cannot utilize an air conditioning unit, storm windows or screens. Since these windows open outward, they cannot be too heavy or large as the opening must be able to support it.
Double HungThe Double Hung window is the most common in the U.S. The unique design feature of the double hung is its ability to either be opened from the top or bottom. To open the top sash/window, you simply slide it down. To open the bottom, you simply slide it up. This particular window is ideal for kid's rooms, kitchens, offices, bedrooms, or where there are taller openings. Among the positive features: They have a traditional appearance and are available in a variety of sizes, shapes, colors and materials; because the design allows for air circulation from the top, as well as the bottom, you achieve maximum ventilation. Since both windows tilt in, it eliminates the need for long-handled tools, ladders, or scaffolding when cleaning. If you have double or triple-pane sashes, the added insulation equals greater energy efficiency. These windows are not only space savers since they open from top or bottom instead of in or out, but they can also accommodate AC units, as well as storm windows or screens. The downside with the double hung is it is not as airtight unless weather stripping or double- or triple-pane sashes are used. Also, you can only open half of the window.
SlidingSimilar to how a sliding patio door opens; sliding windows operate by sliding horizontally along the window frame. This particular window is ideal for rooms where you desire an unobstructed view or to allow maximum sunlight to brighten a room. Among the advantages: This window requires minimal maintenance due to few parts to be concerned with and window glazing makes them energy efficient. Because they are not heavy and are easy to use, little dexterity or effort is needed in opening or closing them. The downside with the sliding window is cleaning the outside. If the window is high up, you will need either a long-handled tool or ladder.
HopperUnlike casement windows, the Hopper window is hinged on the bottom and opens inward from the top. Though this particular window is normally used in basements, it is also being used in small areas such as bathrooms and above larger, fixed windows. Like the casement window, Hoppers also utilizes a crank handle to open and close them. The advantages: Great for small spaces unlike awning or casement windows; Hopper windows allow maximum air circulation as they can be completely opened unlike slider windows. Less hardware is required since the crank handle functions as a lock (just by the turning movement), as well as opening the window. Because it opens inward, this window is also easy to clean, and it allows more security should you decide to place a grate or bars on the exterior side. These windows are also energy efficient as they seal tight when closed. The downside with the Hopper window is intruder accessibility. Also, if the windows are not coated, condensation, heat and cold can enter.
Awning FixedUnlike Hopper windows, the awning fixed window is hinged on the top and opens outward from the bottom. This window may also be used in those hard-to-reach areas like over the kitchen counter or sink. Among the positive features: Awning Fixed allows natural light and allows for ventilation. Due to the construction of the window, it is difficult for intruders to enter. The downside with Awning Fixed windows is the projecting sash. If the window is over a deck, sidewalk, terrace or porch, a person could easily collide with the jutting window sash. Due to the angle of the open sash, this particular window becomes dirty faster, requiring more frequent cleaning.
Bay Or BowBay windows are comprised of three sections whereas bow windows are comprised of four or more sections of windows forming an arc. Both designs consist of a central window, which is usually fixed with two or more angled side windows that are usually either casements or double hung. The side windows may be stationary or operational. Rooms you may find these particular windows utilized in are kitchens, living rooms or master bedrooms. Among the advantages: These particular windows are a plus to your home's aesthetic appeal, as well as adding value to your home. Exteriorly, they give dimension to your home. Interiorly, they provide a panoramic view, allows more natural light from various directions, can provide cross breeze ventilation and gives the feeling of additional space. The deep sill area may be used for plants or to display keepsakes. The downside to either Bay or Bow windows is the difficulty in trying to add window treatments. Because of the unique configuration and tight angles, it is difficult to install hardware. You will need to have any window treatments professionally hung to avoid damage to the frame or alter the style. Since these windows allow a profusion of light to enter, you need to ensure that the windows have a high rating against solar heat gain.
Now that you know the difference between the various windows, which one or combination of, will you choose for your home?